混淆 Dart 代码

Code obfuscation is the process of modifying an app’s binary to make it harder for humans to understand. Obfuscation hides function and class names in your compiled Dart code, making it difficult for an attacker to reverse engineer your proprietary app.

Flutter’s code obfuscation works only on a release build.

The following build targets support the obfuscation process described on this page:

  • aar
  • apk
  • appbundle
  • ios
  • ios-framework
  • ipa
  • linux
  • macos
  • macos-framework
  • windows

Obfuscating your app

To obfuscate your app, use the flutter build command in release mode with the --obfuscate and --split-debug-info options. The --split-debug-info option specifies the directory where Flutter outputs debug files. In the case of obfuscation, it outputs a symbol map. For example:

$ flutter build apk --obfuscate --split-debug-info=/<project-name>/<directory>

Once you’ve obfuscated your binary, save the symbols file. You need this if you later want to de-obfuscate a stack trace.

For detailed information on these flags, run the help command for your specific target, for example:

$ flutter build apk -h

If these flags are not listed in the output, run flutter --version to check your version of Flutter.

Reading an obfuscated stack trace

To debug a stack trace created by an obfuscated app, use the following steps to make it human readable:

  1. Find the matching symbols file. For example, a crash from an Android arm64 device would need app.android-arm64.symbols.

  2. Provide both the stack trace (stored in a file) and the symbols file to the flutter symbolize command. For example:

    $ flutter symbolize -i <stack trace file> -d out/android/app.android-arm64.symbols
    

    For more information on the symbolize command, run flutter symbolize -h.

Caveat

Be aware of the following when coding an app that will eventually be an obfuscated binary.

  • Code that relies on matching specific class, function, or library names will fail. For example, the following call to expect() will not work in an obfuscated binary:
expect(foo.runtimeType.toString(), equals('Foo'));